/sowkaj/ A species of tenure, in England, whereby the tenant held certain lands in consideration of certain inferior services of husbandry to be performed by him to the lord of the fee. In its most general and extensive signification, a tenure by any certain and determinate service. And in this sense it is by the ancient writers constantly put in opposition to tenure by chivalry or knight-service, where the render was precarious and uncertain.
Socage is of two sorts,-free socage, where the services are not only certain, but honorable; and villein socage, where the services, though certain, are of baser nature. Such as hold by the former tenure are also called in Glanvil and other authors by the name of "liberi sokemanni," or tenants in free socage. By the statute 12 Car. 2, c. 24, all the tenures by knight-service were, with one or two immaterial exceptions, converted into free and common socage

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • Socage — was one of the feudal duties and hence land tenure forms in the feudal system. A farmer, for example, held the land in exchange for a clearly defined, fixed payment to be made at specified intervals to his feudal lord, who in turn had his own… …   Wikipedia

  • Socage — Soc age, n.[From {Soc}; cf. LL. socagium.] (O.Eng. Law) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight s service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • socage — [säk′ij] n. [ME: see SOKE & AGE] a medieval English system of land tenure in which a tenant held land in return for a fixed payment or for certain stated nonmilitary services to his lord …   English World dictionary

  • socage — /sok ij/, n. Medieval Eng. Law. a tenure of land held by the tenant in performance of specified services or by payment of rent, and not requiring military service. Also, soccage. [1275 1325; ME sokage < AF socage, equiv. to soc SOKE + age AGE] *… …   Universalium

  • socage — Land tenure by nonmilitary service. See common socage; free socage; guardian in socage; simple socage …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • socage — soc•age [[t]ˈsɒk ɪdʒ[/t]] n. law (in medieval England) the system permitting a tenant to hold land in exchange for specified services or the payment of rent, and not requiring military service on behalf of the lord • Etymology: 1275–1325; ME… …   From formal English to slang

  • socage — n. (also soccage) a feudal tenure of land involving payment of rent or other non military service to a superior. Etymology: ME f. AF socage f. soc f. OE socn SOKE …   Useful english dictionary

  • socage tenure — See socage …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • socage — also soccage noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French, from soc soke Date: 14th century a tenure of land by agricultural service fixed in amount and kind or by payment of money rent only and not burdened with any military service •… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Socage — Tenure of land for which a rent of money or kind such as labour at sowing time and harvest or ploughing was given but which did not include military service. [< 12c Lat. socagium = form of free tenure] …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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